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Fred Dalton Thompson
Fred Dalton Thompson.jpg

Attore
Periodo attività 1985 -
Vero nome Freddie Dalton Thompson
Nascita Sheffield
bandiera Alabama

bandiera Stati Uniti
19 agosto 1942 (1942-08-19) (74 anni)

Coniuge Sarah Elizabeth Lindsey (1959 - 1985)
Jeri Kehn Thompson (2002 - )

Fred Dalton Thompson è un attore, avvocato e politico statunitense. È membro del Partito Repubblicano ed è stato Senatore del Tennessee dal 1994 al 2003.

Primi anni e l'educazione Modifica

Thompson è nato a Sheffield, Alabama, figlio di Ruth Inez (nata Bradley) e Fletcher Session Thompson (26 agosto 1919 - 27 maggio 1990), un venditore di automobili.[1][2] Ha frequentato la scuola pubblica di Lawrenceburg, Tennessee, e si è diplomato alla Lawrence County High School. Successivamente, ha lavorato di giorno nel locale ufficio postale, e di notte all'impianto di assemblaggio di biciclette Murray.[3]

Thompson entrò poi nel Florence State College (oggi nota come University of North Alabama), diventando il primo membro della sua famiglia ad andare all'università.[4] In seguito si iscrisse alla Memphis State University, ora nota come University of Memphis, dove ha conseguito una doppia laurea in filosofia e scienze politiche nel 1964, nonché borse di studio sia per la Tulane University Law School che per la Vanderbilt University Law School.[5] He went on to earn his Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from Vanderbilt in 1967.[4]

Carriera come avvocato Modifica

Thompson was admitted to the State Bar del Tennessee nel 1967. A quel tempo, abbrevviò il proprio nome da Freddie a Fred.[6] Ha lavorato come assistente procuratore degli Stati Uniti dal 1969 al 1972,[7] perseguendo con successo rapine di banca e altri casi.[8] Nel 1972 Thompson fu il manager della campagna elettorale del Senatore repubblicano Howard Baker e fu consigliere di minoranza nella "Senate Watergate Committee" incaricata di investigare sullo scandalo Watergate (1973–1974).

Negli anni '80 Thompson lavorò come avvocato with ufficili legali a Nashville e Washington, DC.[9] Nel 1982 ccettò l'incarico di consigliere speciale nella Commissione del Senato per le Relazioni Estere e dal 1985 al 1987 fu membro della Appellate Court Nominating Commission for the State of Tennessee.[10] [4]

Tra i suoi clienti vi fu un gruppo minerario tedesco e la giapponese Toyota Motors Corporation.[11] Thompson ha lavorato in diversi consigli di amministrazione. Ha lavorato come consigliere legale e come membro del consiglio di amministrazione della sopcietà Stone & Webster.[12]

Ruolo nelle udienze del Watergate Modifica

ThompsonWatergate.jpg

From left to right: Fred Thompson (minority counsel), Howard Baker e Sam Ervin nella Commissione Watergate del Senato nel 1973.

Nel 1973, Thompson venne nominato consigliere di minoranza a favore dei senatori repubblicani nella Commissione Watergate del Senato, una speciale commissione costituita dal Senato degli Stati Uniti per indagare sullo scandalo Watergate.[13] Thompson è spesso accreditato per il supporto dato alla famosa domanda del senatore repubblicano Howard Baker, "Cosa sapeva il presidente e quando venne a saperlo?".[14] Tale questione si dice che abbia contribuito a inquadrare il udienze in modo che alla fine ha portato alla caduta del presidente Richard Nixon.[15]

Un membro dello staff repubblicano, Donald Sanders, scoprì White House tapes ed informò la commissione il 13 luglio 1973. Thompson fu informato dell'esistenza dei nastri ed informò a sua volta l'avvocato di Nixon, J. Fred Buzhardt.[16] "Anche se io non aveva l'autorità di agire per il comitato, ho deciso di chiamare Fred Buzhardt a casa", Thompson scrisse più tardi,[17] "Volevo essere sicuro che la Casa Bianca fosse pienamente consapevole di quello che doveva essere divulgato in modo che possa prendere i provvedimenti opportuni".

Tre giorni dopo la scoperta di Sanders, at a public, televised committee hearing, Thompson chiese ad Alexander Butterfield, vice assistente al presidente, se ci fosse un qualche tipo di sistema di registrazione alla Casa Bianca. Butterfield rispose che sebbene fosse riluttante a dirlo, c'era un sistema che automaticamente registrava ogni cosa nello Studio Ovale del Presidente.[18][13] La National Public Radio disse in seguito che la scoperta dei nastri furono un punto di svolta nelle indagini.[19]

La nomina di Thompson a consigliere di minoranza nella Commissione sconfortò Nixon, convinto che Thompson non fosse abbastanza abile nell'interrogare testimoni ostili.

Il giornalista Scott Armstrong, un'investigatore democratico per la Commissione Watergate del Senato, affermò che Thompson era "una talpa della Casa Bianca" che le sue azione diedero alla Casa Bianca la possibilità di distruggere i nastri.[20] Nel libro che Thompson scrisse nel 1975, At That Point in Time, egli accusò Armstrong di essere stato troppo vicino a Bob Woodward del Washington Post e di essere responsabile della fuga di notizie.

Caso di corruzione contro il governatore del Tennessee Modifica

Nel 1977 Thompson rappresentò Marie Ragghianti, a former Tennessee Parole Board chair, che era stato licenziato per essersi rifiutato di liberare i criminali dopo che avevano corrotto assistenti di governatore democratico Ray Blanton per ottenere clemenza.[21] Con l'assistenza di Thompson, Ragghianti filed a wrongful termination suit against Blanton's office. Durante il processo, Thompson helped expose the cash-for-clemency scheme that eventually led to Blanton's removal from office.[18] Nel luglio 1978, una giuria assegnò a Ragghianti $38.000 di risargimento ed ordinò il suo reintegro sul lavoro.[21]

Lobbista Modifica

Thompson lobbied Congress on behalf of the Tennessee Savings and Loan League to pass the Garn–St. Germain Depository Institutions Act of 1982, which deregulated the Savings and Loan industry.[18] Una grande maggioranza del Congresso e il Presidente Ronald Reagan sostenne l'atto ma it was said to be a factor that led to the savings and loan crisis.[22] Thompson ricevette $1,600 per la comunicazione con alcuni congressisti su questo tema.[23]

Quando il Presidente haitiano Jean-Bertrand Aristide venne rovesciato nel 1991, Thompson telefonò al Capo di Gabinetto della Casa Bianca John H. Sununu sostenendo la necessità di restaurare il governo di Aristide, but says that was as a private citizen, not on a paid basis on Aristide's behalf.[24]

Billing records show that Thompson fu pagato per circa 20 ore di lavoro nel 1991 e nel 1992 per conto della National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association, un gruppo di pianificazione familiare che cercava di aiutare il governo di George H. W. Bush sui regolamenti in materia di aborti e consulenze cliniche.[25][26]

Thompson ha guadagnato circa un milione di dollari per i suoi sforzi di lobbista. Fatta eccezione per l'anno 1981, i suoi pagamenti da lobbista non ammontavano che a un terzo del suo reddito.[23] Secondo il giornale Commercial Appeal:

« Fred Thompson earned about half a million dollars from Washington lobbying from 1975 through 1993....Lobbyist disclosure records show Thompson had six lobbying clients: Westinghouse, two cable television companies, the Tennessee Savings and Loan League, the Teamsters Union's Central States Pension Fund, and a Baltimore-based business coalition that lobbied for federal grants.[23] »

Dopo aver lasciato il Senato nel 2003, l'unico lavoro da lobbista che Thompson fece fu per una società londinese, la Equitas Ltd. Fu pagato $760,000 tra il 2004 e il 2006 al fine di contribuire ad impedire il passaggio di una legislazione che Equitas said unfairly singled them out for unfavorable treatment regarding asbestos claims.[27] Il portavoce di Thompson, Mark Corrallo disse che Thompson era fiero di essere un lobbista e di aver creduto nella causa della Equitas.[28]

Dopo che Thompson fu eletto al Senata, due dei suoi figli lo seguirono nel business del lobbismo.[29] When he left the Senate, some of his political action committee's fees went to the lobbying firm of one of his sons.[30]

AttoreModifica

Il caso di Marie Ragghianti divenne soggetto di un libro, Marie, scritto da Peter Maas e pubblicato nel 1983. I diritti cinematografici furono acquistati dal regista Roger Donaldson, il quale, dopo aver viaggiato fino a Nashville per parlare con le persone coinvolte nel caso, chiese a Thompson se volesse interpretare se stesso nel film. Il film Una donna, una storia vera, uscito nel 1985, fu il primo film nel quale Thompson recitò come attore. Nel 1987 Roger Donaldson volle Thompson nella parte del Direttore della CIA nel film Senza via di scampo.[31] Thompson apparve in diversi film e serie televisive. Nel 1994 il New York Times scrisse che "Quando i registi di Hollywood hanno bisogno di qualcuno che impersoni il potere governativo, si rivolgono spesso a Thompson."[32] Ha interpretato un fitizzio presidente degli Stati Uniti in Last Best Chance così come il presidente Ulysses S. Grant in L'ultimo pellerossa (2007) e diede la voce al presidente Andrew Jackson in Rachel and Andrew Jackson: A Love Story (entrambi prodotti per la TV).[33]

Nel 2002, negli ultimi mesi in cui servì come Senatore, Thompson entrò nel cast della serie televisiva Law & Order - I due volti della giustizia, interpretando il corservatore Procuratore distrettuale Arthur Branch per i successivi cinque anni. Thompson iniziò le riprese durante la pausa estiva del Senato.[34]

Ha recitato, nello stesso ruolo, anche in altre serie televisive, come Law & Order: Unità Speciale, Law & Order: Criminal Intent e nell'episodio pilota di Conviction. Il 30 maggio 2007 decise di abbandonare il ruolo per prepararsi alla campagna elettorale presidenziale.[35]

Senato (1994–2003) Modifica

Fred Thompson speaking.jpg

Fred Thompson, 2002

Due campagne per senato degli Stati Uniti Modifica

In 1994, Thompson was elected to finish the remaining two years of Al Gore's unexpired U.S. Senate term. During the 1994 campaign, Thompson's opponent was longtime Nashville Congressman Jim Cooper. Thompson campaigned in a red pickup truck, and Cooper charged Thompson "is a lobbyist and actor who talks about lower taxes, talks about change, while he drives a rented stage prop."[36] In a good year for Republican candidates,[37] Thompson defeated Cooper in a landslide, overcoming Cooper's early 20 percent lead in the polls to defeat him by an even greater margin.[38] On the same night Thompson was elected to fill Gore's unexpired term, political newcomer Bill Frist, a Nashville heart surgeon, defeated three-term incumbent Democrat Jim Sasser, the chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, for Tennessee's other Senate seat, which was up for a full six-year term. The twin victories by Thompson and Frist gave Republicans control of both of Tennessee's Senate seats for the first time since Sasser ousted incumbent Bill Brock in 1976.

In 1996, Thompson was re-elected (for the term ending January 3, 2003) with 61 percent of the vote, defeating Democratic attorney Houston Gordon of Covington, Tennessee, even as Bill Clinton and running mate Gore narrowly carried the state by less than three percentage points on his way to re-election.[39] During this campaign, Mike Long served as Thompson's chief speechwriter.[40] The GOP continues to hold the seat, as it was won by former Tennessee Governor and Secretary of Education Lamar Alexander in 2002. Frist won re-election in 2000 before retiring in 2006, when Bob Corker held the seat for the Republicans despite the Democrats winning control of the House and Senate.

Storia elettorale Modifica

Tennessee United States Senate Election, 1996
Partito Candidato Voti % ±%
Repubblicano Fred Thompson (Incumbent) 1,091,554 61.37 +0.93
Democratico Houston Gordon 654,937 36.82
Indipendente John Jay Hooker 14,401 0.81
Majority 436,617 24.55 +2.72
Repubblicano hold Swing
Tennessee United States Senate Election, 1994 (Special)
Partito Candidato Voti % ±%
Repubblicano Fred Thompson 885,998 60.44
Democratico Jim Cooper 565,930 38.61
Majority 320,068 21.83 -16.07
Repubblicano gain from Democratico Swing

Carriera in Senato Modifica

Troops.JPG

Senatore Thompson incontra i soldati in Corea del Sud

Nel 1996, Thompson fu membro della Commissione degli affari governativi quando la commissione investigativa studiava sui tentativi dei cinesi di influenzare la politica americana. Thompson says he was "largely stymied" during these investigations by witnesses declining to testify; claiming the right not to incriminate themselves or by simply leaving the country.[41] Thompson spiegò, "Il nostro lavoro fu influenzata enormemente dal fatto che il Congresso è a much more partisan institution than it used to be."[42]

Thompson divenne presidente della commissione nel 1997 ma fu retrocesso a socio di minoranza quando i Democratici presero il controllo del Senato nel 2001.[43] Thompson lavorò nella Commissione delle Finanze (occupandosi di assistenza sanitaria, commercio, sicurezza sociale e fiscalità) dell'Intelligence Committee, e nel National Security Working Group.[44]

Il lavoro di Thompson ha incluso l'investigazione sulla controversia Umm Hajul che comportò la morte di Lance Fielder durante la Guerra del Golfo. Durante il suo mandato ha sostenuto la campagna di riforma finanziaria, contro la proliferazione di armi di distruzione di massa e promoted government efficiency and accountability.[34] Durante i dibattiti presidenziali del 1996, he also served as a Clinton stand-in to help prepare Bob Dole.[34]

Il 12 febbraio 1999, il Senato votò l'impeachment contro Clinton. The perjury charge was defeated with 45 votes for conviction, e 55, compreso quello di Thompson, contrari. The obstruction of justice charge was defeated with 50, including Thompson, for conviction, and 50 against. Conviction on impeachment charges requires the affirmative votes di 67 senatori.

Campagna di co-presidente di John McCain Modifica

In the 2000 Republican presidential primaries, Thompson backed former Tennessee Gov. Lamar Alexander, who eventually succeeded Thompson in the Senate two years later. When Alexander dropped out, Thompson endorsed Senator John McCain's bid and became his national co-chairman.[45] After George W. Bush won the primaries, both McCain and Thompson were considered as potential running mates.[46][47]

Thompson was not a candidate for re-election in 2002. He had publicly stated his unwillingness to have the Senate become a long-term career. Although he announced in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks his intention to seek re-election ("Now is not the time for me to leave," said Thompson at the time), upon further reflection he decided against it.[31] The decision seems to have been prompted in large part by the death of his daughter.[41][48]

Valutazioni Modifica

Girl scouts.JPG

Senator Thompson meeting with Girl Scouts.

Thompson has an 86.1 percent lifetime (1995–2002) American Conservative Union vote rating, compared to 89.3 for Bill Frist and 82.3 for John McCain.[49][50] Senator Susan Collins (R-Maine) characterized her colleague this way: "I believe that Fred is a fearless senator. By that I mean he was never afraid to cast a vote or take a stand, regardless of the political consequences."[51] Thompson was "on the short end of a couple of 99-1 votes," voting against those who wanted to federalize matters that he believed were properly left to state and local officials.[52]

With Thompson's decision to campaign for the 2008 Republican Presidential nomination, his Senate record has received some criticism from people who say he was "lazy" compared to other Senators.[53] Critics say that few of his proposals became law, and point to a 1998 quote: "I don't like spending 14- and 16-hour days voting on 'sense of the Senate' resolutions on irrelevant matters. There are some important things we really need to get on with—and on a daily basis, it's very frustrating." Defenders say he spent more time in preparation than other Senators. Paul Noe, a former staffer, told the New York Times, "On the lazy charge, I have to chuckle because I was there sometimes until 1 in the morning working with the man."[54]

Le attività post-Senato Modifica

Lavoro politico Modifica

In March 2003, Thompson was featured in a commercial by the conservative non-profit group Citizens United that advocated the invasion of Iraq, stating: "When people ask what has Saddam done to us, I ask, what had the 9/11 hijackers done to us -- before 9/11."[55]

Thompson did voice-over work at the 2004 Republican National Convention.[56] While narrating a video for that convention, Thompson observed: "History throws you what it throws you, and you never know what’s coming."[57]

After the retirement of Supreme Court Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor in 2005, Bush appointed Thompson to an informal position to help guide the nomination of John Roberts through the United States Senate confirmation process.[58] Roberts was subsequently confirmed as Chief Justice.

Until July 2007, Thompson was Chair of the International Security Advisory Board, a bipartisan advisory panel that reports to the Secretary of State and focuses on emerging strategic threats.[59] In that capacity, he advised the State Department about all aspects of arms control, disarmament, international security, and related aspects of public diplomacy.[60]

Difesa legale per Lewis Libby Modifica

In 2006, he served on the advisory board of the legal defense fund for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Jr, who was indicted and later convicted of lying to federal investigators during their investigation of the Plame affair.[61][62] Thompson, who had never met Libby before volunteering for the advisory board, said he was convinced Libby was innocent.[31] The Scooter Libby Legal Defense Fund Trust set out to raise more than $5 million to help finance the legal defense of Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff.[63] Thompson hosted a fundraiser for the Libby defense fund at his home in McLean, Virginia.[64] After Bush commuted Libby's sentence,[65] Thompson released a statement: "I am very happy for Scooter Libby. I know that this is a great relief to him, his wife and children. This will allow a good American, who has done a lot for his country, to resume his life."[66]

Analista Radio Modifica

In 2006, he signed on with ABC News Radio to serve as senior analyst and vacation replacement for Paul Harvey.[67] He used that platform to spell out his positions on a number of political issues. A July 3, 2007 update to Thompson's ABC News Radio home page referred to him as a "former ABC News Radio contributor", indicating that Thompson has been released from his contract with the broadcaster.[68] He did not return after his campaign ended.

ColumnistModifica

He also signed a deal with Salem Communications's Townhall.com to write for the organization's new magazine, Townhall, from April 23, 2007 until August 21, 2007,[69] and from June 8, 2008 until November 17, 2008.[70]

Campagna presidenziale del 2008 Modifica

Fred Thompson - Sioux City1.jpg

Thompson in Iowa, 2007

On March 11, 2007, Thompson appeared on Fox News Sunday to discuss the possibility of a 2008 candidacy for president. At the end of March, Thompson asked to be released from his television contract, potentially in preparation for a presidential bid.[35] Thompson formed a presidential exploratory committee regarding his possible 2008 campaign for president on June 1, 2007,[71] but unlike most candidate exploratory groups, Thompson's organized as a 527 group.[72]

Thompson continued to be mentioned as a potential candidate, but did not officially declare his candidacy. On June 12, Thompson told Jay Leno on The Tonight Show that while he did not crave the Presidency itself, there were things he would like to do that he could only do by holding that office.[73] A New York Times article cited Thompson's aides as saying on July 18 that he planned to enter the race just after Labor Day (the first Monday in September), followed by a national announcement tour.[74]

On September 5, 2007, Thompson made his candidacy official, announcing on The Tonight Show that "I'm running for president of the United States" and running an ad during a Republican Presidential candidates debate on Fox News.[75] In both cases he pointed people to his campaign website to watch a 15-minute video detailing his platform. His campaign entrance was described as "lackluster"[76] and "awkward"[77] despite high expectations in anticipation of his joining the race.[78]

In nationwide polling toward the end of 2007, Thompson's support in the Republican primary election was sliding, with his placing either third or fourth in polls.[79][80] Starting with the South Carolina Primary, however, he was more aggressively challenging his rivals until finishing third in that primary.[81]

On January 22, 2008, after attracting little support in the early primaries, Thompson confirmed he had withdrawn from the Presidential race.[82] In a statement issued by his campaign, Thompson said: Template:Quotation

Post-campagna Modifica

Thompson has signed an agreement to be returned as an actor with the William Morris Agency.[83]

He spoke at the 2008 Republican National Convention on September 2 in Minnesota, and described in graphic detail presumptive Republican nominee John McCain's torture at the hands of the North Vietnamese during his imprisonment and gave an endorsement of McCain for President.

In 2009 he returned to acting with a guest appearance on the ABC television series Life on Mars.

On March 2, 2009 he took over on Westwood One's east coast noon time slot, hosting the talk radio program The Fred Thompson Show, after Bill O'Reilly ended The Radio Factor.[84] It was co-hosted for a time by his wife, Jeri. Thompson's final show for Westwood One was aired on January 21, 2011. Douglas Urbanski took Thompson's place in the Westwood One syndication lineup.[85]

In May 2010, Thompson became an advertising spokesman for American Advisors Group (AAG), a reverse mortgage lender.[86][87]

Posizioni politiche Modifica

Fred Thompson visits Dallas.jpg

Thompson visits Dallas on July 25, 2007.

Thompson ha detto che il federalismo è la sua "stella polare", che fornisce "una base per una corretta analisi della maggior parte dei problemi: 'Is this something government should be doing? If so, at what level of government?'"[52]

Thompson states "Roe v. Wade was bad law and bad medical science," and that judges should not be determining social policy.[88] Thompson ha inoltre affermato che il governo non dovrebbe perseguire penalmente le donne che si sottopongono a presto termine aborti.[89][90]

Thompson does not support a federal ban on gay marriage, but would support a constitutional amendment to keep one state's recognition of such marriages from resulting in all states having to recognise them.[91]

Thompson says citizens are entitled to keep and bear arms if they do not have criminal records[92] and the Gun Owners of America says that he voted pro-gun in 20 of 33 gun-related votes during his time in the Senate.[93]

Thompson says U.S. borders need to be secured before considering comprehensive immigration reform,[94] but he also supports a path to citizenship for illegal aliens saying “You’re going to have to, in some way, work out a deal where they can have some aspirations of citizenship, but not make it so easy that it’s unfair to the people waiting in line and abiding by the law.”[95] Thompson supported the U.S. 2003 invasion of Iraq[96] and is opposed to withdrawing troops,[97] but believes "mistakes have been made" since the invasion.[98]

Thompson initially supported the McCain-Feingold campaign finance legislation, but now says certain parts should be repealed.[99]

Thompson è scettico sul fatto che gli sforzi umani causano il riscaldamento globale e ha sottolineato il riscaldamento parallelo su Marte e altri pianeti come un esempio.[100]

Vita privata Modifica

Matrimoni e figli Modifica

The Thompson Family.jpg

Fred e Jeri Thompson con i figli nel settembre 2007

Nel settembre 1959, all'età di 17 anni, Thompson sposò Sarah Elizabeth Lindsey.[101] Il loro figlio, Freddie Dalton "Tony" Thompson Jr.,[102] nacque nell'aprile del 1960.[103] Another son and a daughter were born soon thereafter. While Thompson was attending law school, both he and his wife worked to pay for his education and support their three children.[18]

The couple divorced in 1985. They have two surviving children,[104] as well as five grandchildren. Thompson's daughter Elizabeth "Betsy" Thompson Panici died from an accidental overdose of prescription drugs on January 30, 2002.[41][48]

Prior to his second marriage, Thompson had been romantically linked to country singer Lorrie Morgan, Republican fundraiser Georgette Mosbacher and columnist Margaret Carlson.[105] In July 1996, Thompson began dating Jeri Kehn (b. 1966) and the two married almost six years later on June 29, 2002.[106] When Thompson was asked in a December 2007 Associated Press survey of the candidates to name his favorite possession, he humorously replied "trophy wife".[107] The couple have two children, a daughter and a son.[108][109][110]

Vive a McLean, in Virginia.[111]

Cancro Modifica

Thompson è malato di un Linfoma non Hodgkin, una particolare forma di tumore. "Non ho avuto alcuna malattia a causa di esso, o alcuno dei suoi sintomi. La mia aspettativa di vita non è stata colpita. È un tumore in remissione molto curabile con i farmaci e se fosse necessario mi sottoporrò in futuro ad un trattamento medico senza effetti collaterali debilitanti," disse Thompson.[112] Come molti pazienti malati di Linfoma non Hodgkin, Thompson ha ricevuto un trattamento con il Rituxan.[113] Il cancro di Thompson, anche se attualmente incurabile, è indolente.[112]

Religione Modifica

Thompson è cresciuto come membro delle Chiese di Cristo. Secondo Thompson, i suoi valori provengono da "sitting attorno al tavolo di cucina" con i suoi genitori, e dalla Chiesa di Cristo. Mentre parlava con dei reporter in South Carolina, Thompson disse, "Io vado in chiesa quando sono nel Tennessee. I'm [living] in McLean right now. I don't attend regularly when I'm up there."[114] In occasione, Thompson frequentò la Vienna Presbyterian Church di Vienna, Va.[115] Non ha parlato della sua religione durante la campagna elettorale dicendo, "Me getting up and talking about what a wonderful person I am and that sort of thing, I'm not comfortable with that, and I don't think it does me any good."[114]

Filmografia Modifica

Note Modifica

  1. Fred Dalton Thompson Biography (1942-) via filmreference.com.
  2. William Addams Reitwiesner. Ancestry of Fred Thompson. self-published, non-authoritative. URL consultato il 2007-04-08.
  3. Lawrimore, Erin. "Biography/History", University of Tennessee Special Collections Library (2005).
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 "About Fred", via imwithfred.com (Official Site). Retrieved (2007-07-13).
  5. Lawrimore, Erin. "Biography/History", University of Tennessee Special Collections Library (2005).
  6. Andrew Malcolm. «Shocking truth about Fred Thompson revealed!», Los Angeles Times, 6 September 2007. URL consultato in data 2007-09-06.
  7. Fred Thompson Hometown Biography, Lawrenceburg Tennessee
  8. Lawrimore, Erin. "Biography/History", University of Tennessee Special Collections Library (2005).
  9. Fred Thompson for President in 2008
  10. Lawrimore, Erin. "Biography/History", University of Tennessee Special Collections Library (2005).
  11. Cottle, Michelle (1 December 1996). [http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/archives/9612.cottle.html "Another Beltway Bubba?"[. Washington Monthly. Retrieved 2007-04-08.
  12. Dilanian, Ken. Past as lobbyist may play into future as candidate, USA Today (2007-06-06).
  13. 13,0 13,1 «Thompson cooperated with White House during Watergate», Associated Press, 8 March 2007.
  14. Joan Lowy. «Fred Thompson aided Nixon on Watergate», Associated Press, 2007-07-07. URL consultato in data 2007-12-24.
  15. Carl Cameron. «National TV Star, Former Republican Senator Fred Thompson Mulls '08 Presidential Bid», FoxNews, 8 March 2007.
  16. Michael Kranish. «Select Chronology for Donald G. Sanders», The Boston Globe, 2007-07-04.
  17. Fred D. Thompson, At That Point in Time: The Inside Story of the Senate Watergate Committee , New York, Quadrangle/New York Times, 1975. ISBN 0812905369
  18. 18,0 18,1 18,2 18,3 Michelle Cottle. «Another Beltway Bubba?», Washington Monthly, 1 December 1996. URL consultato in data 2007-04-08.
  19. "Thompson's Watergate Role Not as Advertised" by Peter Obervy. National Public Radio. Published November 5, 2007
  20. Michael Kranish. «Not all would put a heroic sheen on Thompson's Watergate role», The Boston Globe, 2007-07-04, p. Sec. 1, p. 10. URL consultato in data 2007-07-08. and «Fred Thompson Aided Nixon on Watergate», Forbes, 2007-07-04, p. Sec. 1, p. 10. URL consultato in data 2007-07-08.
  21. 21,0 21,1 The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture: Leonard Ray Blanton, 1930–1996. Retrieved 2007-07-31. Archived settembre 27, 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. Leibold, Arthur. "Some Hope for the Future After a Failed National Policy for Thrifts" in Barth, James et al. The Savings and Loan Crisis: Lessons from a Regulatory Failure, pages 58–59 (2004). Leibold cites Strunk and Case, Where Regulation Went Wrong: A Look at the Causes Behind Savings and Loan Failures in the 1980s, pages 14–16 (1988).
  23. 23,0 23,1 23,2 Locker, Richard. "Thompson tells why lobbyist pay rose with GOP-led Senate", Commercial Appeal (1994-11-05).
  24. Vogel, Kenneth. "'Law & Order' And Lobbying", The Politico (2007-04-02).
  25. Jo Becker. «Thompson lobbied for family planning», San Francisco Chronicle, July 19, 2007. URL consultato in data 2007-07-19.
  26. The records show he spent much of that time in telephone conferences with the president of the group. He also spoke to administration officials on its behalf three times for a total of about three hours, but it is unclear who in the administration Thompson spoke with or when. When the work became controversial in 2007 in light of Thompson's pro-life stance and 2008 presidential campaign, a Thompson spokesperson said, "The [lobbying] firm consulted with Fred Thompson. It is not unusual for a lawyer to give counsel at the request of colleagues, even when they personally disagree with the issue." See Jo Becker, Records Show Ex-Senator’s Work for Family Planning Unit, The New York Times, (2007-07-19). Retrieved 2007-12-22.
  27. Dilanian, Ken. Past as lobbyist may play into future as candidate, USA Today (2007-06-06).
  28. Birnbaum, Jeffrey. "Thompson Will Take On Outsider Role After Playing Access Man", Washington Post, June 12, 2007
  29. David D. Kirkpatrick. «As Senator Rose, Lobbying Became Family Affair», The New York Times, 2007-07-02. URL consultato in data 2007-12-22.
  30. Mullins, Brody. "Thompson PAC Benefits Son More Than Republicans," Wall Street Journal (2007-04-21).
  31. 31,0 31,1 31,2 Stephen F. Hayes. «From the Courthouse to the White House», Weekly Standard, April 23, 2007. URL consultato in data 2007-05-02.
  32. Errore nella funzione Cite: Marcatore <ref> non valido; non è stato indicato alcun testo per il marcatore NYT941112
  33. Keel, Beverly. "On screen, Thompson projects power, wisdom", The Tennessean (2007-05-08).
  34. 34,0 34,1 34,2 Lawrimore, Erin. "Biography/History", University of Tennessee Special Collections Library (2005).
  35. 35,0 35,1 Associated Press and Cameron, Carl. "Fred Thompson Quits 'Law & Order,' Moves Closer to 2008 White House Bid", Fox News (2007-05-31).
  36. Powers, William. "The Politician's Pickup Lines", Washington Post (1994-10-21). There is some question about whether Thompson actually did the driving. According to Kevin Drum of the Washington Monthly, "Thompson didn't even deign to drive the thing himself." Drum, Kevin. "Fred Thompson's Red Pick-up Truck", Washington Monthly (2007-05-07). Retrieved 2007-06-18. Media reports in May and June 2007 said that Thompson still has the truck, which is "parked behind Thompson's mother's home outside Nashville." Chipman, Kim. "Thompson's Backers Check His `Fire in the Belly' for 2008 Race", Bloomberg (2007-06-28). According to Newsweek, "The paint is peeling and its U.S. Senate license plates expired back in 2002." Bailey, Holly. "The Sign of the Red Truck", Newsweek (2007-05-28). Retrieved 2007-07-10.
  37. Traub, James. "Party Like It's 1994", New York Times Magazine (2006-03-12): "The Republicans shocked political professionals, including President Bill Clinton, by gaining 52 seats in the House, giving them a majority there for the first time in 40 years. (They picked up eight seats in the Senate to wrest control there as well.)"
  38. John Heilemann. «The Shadow Candidates», New York Magazine. URL consultato in data 2007-06-18.
  39. "United States of America Presidential Elections of 1996, Electoral College Vote by States", Psephos, Adam Carr's Election Archive.
  40. http://www.semo.edu/news/index_19707.htm
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  42. Thompson, Fred. "Additional Views of Chairman Fred Thompson, Investigation of Illegal or Improper Activities in Connection With 1996 Federal Election Campaigns, Final Report of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, Senate Report 105-167 - 105th Congress 2d Session" (1998-03-10).
  43. Senate Committee on Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs, History of Committee Chairmen. Retrieved (2007-07-13).
  44. Sen. Thompson's Official Senate Web Site (via Archive.org).
  45. Terry M. Neal. «McCain Re-Emerges; Receives Thompson Endorsement», Washington Post, 18 August 1999.
  46. "Bush: 'The days of speculation are over'", USA Today (2000-07-22).
  47. Zuckerbrod, Nancy."Thompson eyed for vice presidential role", via oakridger.com 2000-07-03). Retrieved 2007-07-10. Archived ottobre 11, 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  48. 48,0 48,1 Mark Halperin. «A New Role for Fred Thompson», Time, May 24, 2007.
  49. "How conservative is Fred Thompson?", Washington Times Editorial (2007-06-23).
  50. Profile at Project Vote Smart (including bio, positions, finances, interest group ratings, votes, and statements).
  51. Theobald, Bill."In D.C., tenacious Thompson defied prediction: Reliable conservative had fierce independent streak", The Tennessean (2007-07-08).
  52. 52,0 52,1 Thompson, Fred. "Federalism 'n' Me", AEI (2007-04-23). Retrieved 2007-05-13.
  53. ""Thompson and the 'Laziness' Issue"" Newsweek (2007-09-29)
  54. ""G.O.P. Hopeful Took Own Path in the Senate"" The New York Times (2007-09-29)
  55. [[CNN Saturday Morning News|]]«Interview with Mike Boos of Citizens United», CNN, March 1, 2003.
  56. Goldsmith, Brian. "Beware The 'Convention Candidates'", CBS News (2007-04-20).
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  59. International Security Advisory Board, Former Members, State Department web site.
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  61. Scott Shane. «Media Censors for the Jury Let a Style Item Get Through», The New York Times, February 9, 2007.
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  96. Errore nella funzione Cite: Marcatore <ref> non valido; non è stato indicato alcun testo per il marcatore Knoxnews
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  108. Brian Kaylor. Reports Conflict About Fred Thompson's Church Membership, Attendance
Predecessore: Senatore del Tennessee al Congresso degli Stati Uniti Successore: [[Immagine:{{{immagine}}}|30x30px]]
Harlan Mathews 2 dicembre 1994 - 3 gennaio 2003 Lamar Alexander I
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Harlan Mathews {{{data}}} Lamar Alexander
Predecessore: Presidente della commissione per gli affari governativi del Senato Successore: [[Immagine:{{{immagine}}}|30x30px]]
Ted Stevens 7 gennaio 1997 - 3 gennaio 2001 Joe Lieberman I
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Ted Stevens {{{data}}} Joe Lieberman
Predecessore: Presidente della commissione per gli affari governativi del Senato Successore: [[Immagine:{{{immagine}}}|30x30px]]
Joe Lieberman 2o gennaio 2001 - 6 giugno 2001 Lamar Alexander I
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Joe Lieberman {{{data}}} Lamar Alexander

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